PtX Hub in Colombia

Leveraging existing infrastructure and hydrogen demand to kickstart the transition to net zero 

To reach climate neutrality by 2050, Colombia plans to accelerate its PtX development fast. The National Hydrogen Strategy and Roadmap published in September 2021 sets the ambitious target to reach 1 GW electrolysis capacity by 2030. The strategy earmarked 40 % of low-carbon hydrogen for industrial use and plans to expand the hydrogen infrastructure in the transport sector, focusing on long-haul heavy duty. 

 What stands out is the active Colombian private sector, leading the research and development on hydrogen applications; and that investors are already looking towards Colombian projects with interest. Local sectors are beginning to cooperate on PtX: Ecopetrol and the Colombian Petroleum Institute announced a pilot project for a 50 kW electrolyser at the Cartagena refinery in 2022. On the other hand, the Colombian government is also supporting the private sector, through the call “+H2 COLOMBIA”, which is an initiative of the Fund for Non-Conventional Energies and Efficient Energy Management – FENOGE, supported by the Ministry of Mines and Energy. This initiative seeks to promote and foster knowledge and applications of hydrogen throughout the value chain in Colombia. Likewise, it seeks to design investment and financing mechanisms with Non-Reimbursable Resources and Reimbursable Resources that promote the development of the emerging hydrogen market. As a result of this Call, pre-feasibility studies will be financed by FENOGE for ten projects 

For a rapid PtX ramp up, Colombia can further benefit from existing infrastructure for transporting and exporting natural gas. Caratagena in the North of the country is the fifth largest harbor in Latin America. Three more harbors connect Colombia with partners at the Pacific and Caribbean Coast. 

From grey to green: Satisfying the local industries’ demand for hydrogen 

More than 27 % of Colombian energy currently comes from renewable energy sources. Fraunhofer Institute predicts that 200 TWh per year will go towards PtX production by 2050. 

Looking towards the usage of PtX products, several Colombian industries, such as the steel, mining, and cement industry can benefit. Local petroleum refineries and ammonia producers currently demand and consume 0,2 MtH2 grey hydrogen per year. This demand might be satisfied with green hydrogen and green ammonia in the future and export opportunities will be explored. 

The PtX Hub’s work in Colombia at a glance 

Policy advisory on sustainability, standards, and certification 

  • Organising conferences, webinars, and workshops on EU sustainability criteria for green hydrogen imports including safety standards in the production, transport and storage of green hydrogen, ammonia, and methanol 
  • Advising on the integration of PtX in the national hydrogen roadmap and on regulatory norms to incorporate PtX technologies 
  • Conducting dialogues on enabling policy frameworks for PtX 

Studies on PtX decarbonization potential, cCapacity building with trainings and trips on renewable PtX 

  • Conducting the PtX.Training with decision-makers of Colombian ministries, companies, and research institutes  
  • Building on the basic training with add-on modules on certification, security, transport infrastructure, and policy frameworks 
  • Conducting a Train-the-trainers programme with local energy experts 
  • Organising delegation trips and regional exchanges to facilitate knowledge sharing 
  • Expanding the knowledge and supporting the transformation process with studies on existing infrastructure, potential hydrogen hubs and PtX technologies in Colombia, land use and deep dives on specific applications and retrofitting for hydrogen