Legal considerations of global trade in green hydrogen & Power-to-X

Projections suggest a global trade in green hydrogen and Power-to-X (PtX), with the share of green hydrogen traded internationally estimated at 12-25% by 2050. Under favourable economic and legal conditions, demand for imports as well as export readiness will drive market growth and trade relations. However, countries interested in trading green hydrogen and PtX are currently facing a patchwork of regulations that do not yet enable transparent, efficient, sustainable and inclusive trade.

Our new report examines the legal framework governing global trade in hydrogen with the aim to give a comprehensive overview of the regulation in place and thus to provide a guideline for countries that wish to engage in the global trade of hydrogen from a legal perspective. Among others, the report covers:

  • Global governance for hydrogen trade
  • Structure of trade elements
  • Regulation on import and export
  • Standardisation and certification
  • Safety requirements
  • Legal metrology
  • Transportation

Language(s): English
Format(s): Publication
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK)
Contributor(s): IKEM